GSM, which stands for Global System for Mobile Communications, is a standard that underpins second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile devices like phones and tablets.
GSM utilizes a combination of frequency division multiple access (FDMA) and time division multiple access (TDMA) technologies, allowing numerous users to share the same radio frequency band.
This allocation of time slots and frequencies ensures efficient voice and data transmission.
GSM networks provide a range of services, including voice calls, text messaging, and basic data services like email and web browsing.
These networks are owned and operated by telecommunications companies, forming a closed network environment.
The internet, on the other hand, is a global network comprising interconnected computer networks that use the standardized Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to facilitate communication.
This vast network enables users to access a number of information and services, including email communication, web browsing, file sharing, and social networking.
The fundamental difference between GSM and the internet lies in their network types.
GSM operates as a cellular network, while the internet functions as a packet-switched network.
In GSM, dedicated channels are used for individual communications, whereas the internet employs a shared pool of channels.
This enables the internet to optimize data transfer, although at the cost of making direct device-to-device connections more challenging.
GSM is a cellular network, which means it employs a geographical division of areas into cells, each served by a base station.
These cells collectively provide coverage over a wide area. In contrast, the internet relies on packet-switching, where data is split into packets and transmitted independently across the network.
This allows for more efficient use of available resources.
GSM networks are closed systems operated by telecommunication companies. Access to these networks is restricted to users with subscriptions and authorized devices.
On the other side, the internet is an open network accessible to anyone with a computer or mobile device and an internet connection.
GSM primarily caters to voice and basic data services, excelling in services like voice calls, text messaging, and email.
In contrast, the internet’s packet-switched nature lends itself to a broader range of applications, including multimedia content streaming, online gaming, and high-speed data transfer.
GSM and the internet are not mutually exclusive; in fact, they frequently collaborate to provide an array of services:
As a wrap up, GSM and the internet are distinct types of networks with varying functionalities. GSM excels in providing voice calls and basic data services within its closed network environment.
On the other hand, the internet, with its packet-switched nature and open accessibility, offers a broader spectrum of services, making it the go-to choice for high-speed data applications.
While they have their differences, GSM and the internet often work hand in hand to offer a seamless communication experience in our interconnected world.