When it comes to electrical wiring, the choice of wire type can be as critical as the wiring itself.
Stranded wire and solid wire are the two primary options, each with its own set of characteristics and applications.
In this article, we will look at the difference between the two.
Stranded wire, presents a more complex structure. It consists of multiple thin wires twisted together into a bundle, rendering it highly flexible and delicate.
This flexibility makes stranded wire the go-to choice for applications requiring bending and twisting, such as car doors.
Advantages of Stranded Wire:
Stranded wire’s flexibility and versatility make it suitable for indoor applications, where its primary concern is flexibility.
It’s commonly found in circuit boards, computers, car wiring, electrical machinery, and more.
However, stranded wires are relatively more complex and can be affected by adverse weather conditions.
Image Credit: Univesal Network
Solid wire, as its name suggests, comprises a single, unbroken conductor typically crafted from solid copper or another metal.
This wire type boasts robustness and is ideal for applications demanding high current capacity, minimal movement, and extended lifespan.
Advantages of Solid Wire:
Solid wires find their place in various applications, including building infrastructures, outdoor and heavy-duty settings, and vehicle controls, among others.
However, it’s worth noting that solid wires tend to be heavier due to their construction.
Here is a table showing the main differences between stranded and solid wires:
|Basis of Difference
|It is composed of a bundle of twisted thin wires
|It is composed of a single, solid metal conductor
|It is highly flexible and can easily bend
|It is stiffer and less flexible
|It has lower current capacity compared to solid wires
|It can efficiently carry high current
|It is prone to outdoor corrosion
|It is resistant to indoors and outdoors corrosion
|It has higher electrical resistance
|It has low electrical resistance
|There is presence of higher voltage drop
|There is low voltage drop due to low resistance
|Termination & Connection
|Termination or connection can be a bit complex
|Termination and connection can be a bit easier and precise
|Adequate performance at various frequencies
|Good at high frequencies
|Generates more noise with significant attenuation
|Low noise with minimal attenuation
|Short-distance applications, where flexibility is crucial
|Long-distance power transfer due to low voltage drop
|Slightly higher cost
|Mainly used in electronics, circuit boards, and flexible applications
|Used indoors and outdoors where high current capacity is required